$$$ = must be purchased

Giving Cities Legs: Ideas and Inspirations for Walk Friendly Communities (Pedestrian & Bicycle Information Center)

  • Inspiration examples from the USA Walk Friendly National Recognition Program that WALK Friendly Ontario is modeled after.

Pedestrian Death Review (Office of the Chief Coroner for Ontario)

  • A review of all accidental pedestrian deaths in Ontario f rom January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2010 with recommendations.

Pedestrian Safety: A Road Safety Manual for Decision-Makers and Practitioners (World Health Organization)

  • A detailed 100+ page manual that looks at the reason for undertaking action to improve pedestrian safety, pedestrian safety in roadway design and land-use planning, prioritizing pedestrian safety interventions and action planning, implementing and evaluation pedestrian safety interventions.

The Walkable City: Neighbourhood Design and Preferences, Travel Behaviour & Health (Toronto Public Health)

  • This April 2012 report summarizes the findings of a Residential Preferences Survey that gauges public demand for walkable versus more auto-oriented neighbourhoods.
  • It details the results of a study conducted in Toronto, examining residents’ preferences for walkable and transit-supportive neighbourhoods, and highlights the relationship between travel choices, levels of physical activity, and body weights of residents in relationship to the walkability of their current neighbourhood.

The Road to Health (Toronto Public Health)

  • This report synthesizes evidence on health benefits and risks associated with walking, cycling, and physical activity related to the use of public transit, as well as economic assessments and specific strategies to increase the use and safety of active transportation in Toronto. Contains lots of data relevant to all communities.

The International Charter for Walking (Walk21)

  • Built on extensive discussions with experts from around the world, the Charter provides a common framework for communities and takes into account policies, activities, and relationships required to create a culture of walking where people choose to walk because it is convenient, safe, and inviting to do so.
  • Available in French.

Economic Value of Walkability (Victoria Transport Policy Institute)

  • A comprehensive review of the benefits and costs of walking and a discussion of how walking is often undervalued.
  • This report finds that non-motorized modes of transportation have clear legal rights to use public roads, that non-motorized travel is important for an efficient transport system and provides significant benefits to users and society, and that less than half of roadway expenses are financed by motor-vehicle user fees.

Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2012 Benchmarking Report  (Alliance for Biking & Walking)

  • Extensive research, much of it applicable to the Canadian context, from the Alliance for Biking & Walking.

Good For Business: The Benefits of Making Streets More Walking and Cycling Friendly (Rodney Tolley for the Heart Foundation of Australia)

  • This document uses international examples to make the case for investment in walking.

Active Transportation Beyond Urban Centres (Rails-to-Trails Conservancy)

  • Walking and cycling are very important forms of transportation in small towns and rural USA.
A Citizen’s Guide to Better Streets (Project for Public Spaces)
  • An excellent USA-based resource with implications for all citizens looking to influence transportation decisions to improve the design of their streets.
  • Contains the great quote: “If you plan cities for cars and traffic, you get cars and traffic. If you plan for people and places, you get people and places.”
Land Use and Public Health Resources (Clean Air Partnership)
  • A summary of some of the literature that has been released in the past decade regarding the impacts of land-use planning on human health and environmental sustainability for a community.
  • A comprehensive volume including chapters on the benefits of walkable communities, advocacy, policy, land use, design and engineering, education and encouragement, and enforcement.


Speck, Jeff, The Walkable City, Farrar, Straus, Giroux, Nov 2012.

  • Read an interview with Jeff Speck about his book here

Leinburger, Chris, The Option of Urbanism, Island Press, 2009.

  • Reading “The Structural Shift to Walkable Urbanism” on Chris’s home page gives you an overview of his book.


WALK Friendly Ontario

Canada Walks (available in French)

iCANwalk (available in French)

Everybody Walk (USA)


Jane’s Walk (Canada – International)

8-80 Cities (Canada – International)

Complete Streets Canada

Promoting Physical Activity Through Healthy Community Design (Larry Frank, University of British Columbia)

Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Alliance for Biking and Walking


Steps to a Walkable Community (on line companion resource to the America Walks guide listed above, with case studies and tactics)

Walkable & Liveable Communities Institute

Project for Public Spaces

Soul of the Community

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Centre

Transportation Alternatives

The Street Plans Collaborative


Urban Planning 101: An introduction to the top of active transportation planning from Collingwood, ON planner, Robert Voigt

Walkable 101: The Basics featuring Dan Burden of the Walkable & Liveable Communities Institute


Active Transportation Canada (Michael Haynes):

Where the Sidewalk Starts:

The Sidewalk Ballet:


WALK Friendly Ontario

Canada Walks

8-80 Cities

Complete Streets Canada

Walkable Liveable Communities

The Sidewalk Ballet


@ WalkfriendlyON; @CanadaWalks; @BikeWalk; @Streetfilms; @PPS_placemaking @1sidewalkballet